Acidosis and Alkalosis Testing

Acidosis and alkalosis are terms used to describe the abnormal acid based chemistry when he patient's blood pH falls outside a highly regulated healthy normal range. Measuring the pH of blood is a way of determining how acidic or basic the blood is. Normal blood pH must be maintained within a range to insure proper processes including the delivery of the right amount of oxygen to tissues. Many diseases or situations can cause a patient's blood pH to fall outside of these limits.

The major organs involved in regulating blood pH are the lungs and kidneys. The lungs flush acid out of the body by exhaling CO2 (carbon dioxide). The kidneys excrete some acids in the urine and the kidneys also produced and regulate a retention of HCO3 (bicarbonate), a base that increases the blood's pH. Changes in HCO3 concentration occur more slowly and changes in CO2, taking hours or days. Diseases affecting either the lungs or the kidneys as well as other metabolic conditions can interfere with the regulation of blood pH.

Acidosis or alkalosis can be an acute condition (develops quickly), but is more often a chronic condition. Symptoms of alkalosis are often due to associated potassium loss and may include irritability, weakness, and cramping.

Lab Testing : Electrolytes, glucose, CMP, lactate